In the age of artificial intelligence, China has g

2022-08-21
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Gu Laifeng: in the era of artificial intelligence, China has great prospects

the fourth industrial revolution is coming, especially the technology of artificial intelligence has gradually come into reality from science fiction. Countries all over the world have realized that artificial intelligence is the key competition field among countries in the future. For China, the development of artificial intelligence is a historic strategic opportunity, which is crucial to alleviate the pressure of future population aging, meet the challenges of sustainable development, and promote the transformation and upgrading of economic structure. Gu Laifeng, vice president of the school of overseas education of Shanghai Jiaotong University, shared his thoughts on many issues related to the development of artificial intelligence

Q: one view holds that mankind has entered the era of intelligence. How is this technological revolution different from the past

Gu Laifeng: the biggest difference between the AI technological revolution and previous revolutions is that the previous steam engine, electric power, internal combustion engine and computer information revolution are all tool revolutions; This revolution is a transition from the tool revolution to the brain revolution. More pessimists believe that if AI is allowed to develop, there will be a revolution against people

whether there will be robots with innovative ability like human beings in the future is a technical problem as well as a philosophical problem. I believe in the self-protection consciousness of human society. The value of pursuing the rights and happiness of all mankind is a huge energy, which can completely resist the attack of several anti human madmen on mankind by using evil AI. If the technological development of AI brings uncertainty beyond human intelligence to human society in the future, human society will use its own energy to make AI stay there and not surpass

Q: what is the development process of AI technology

Gu Laifeng: as early as 1956, the concept of artificial intelligence was put forward. At the Dartmouth College seminar, the research plan of compounding it with other materials to prepare supercapacitor materials has attracted much attention, and it is not out of date now. Since 1956, AI has experienced a roller coaster development path. In 1986, Jeffrey Hinton, the contemporary godfather of AI, put forward the back propagation theory (multilayer neural network training). Until 2012, he made amazing achievements in machine vision based on deep learning, which was widely used in practice, and various scientific research and commercial achievements continued to emerge

in the past six years, whether it is machine vision, nature, we will establish new standard language processing, human-computer interaction, robots, all kinds of technologies are changing with each passing day, and business application scenarios are increasing exponentially. This is what we see as "Ai fever". Nowadays, the most famous AI applications are almost based on deep learning and are expanding in almost all fields

Q: what is the ultimate goal of AI technology? What stage has it reached now? What bottlenecks need to be broken

Gu Laifeng: the initial research goal of artificial intelligence was to try to make machines simulate intelligent learning behavior. Of course, AI has different goals in different times. At the application level, the goal is to make all kinds of work and activities more and more intelligent and bring more and more convenience to mankind. Therefore, there are practical application goals such as wisdom, smart home, smart factory, smart car, etc. Although there is no ideal product in the field of driverless, it is approaching commercialization in technology

according to the classification of baustrom, a futurist at Oxford University, AI is still in the stage of weak artificial intelligence (specific AI), which is far from strong artificial intelligence (general AI). The so-called distinction between strength and weakness mainly depends on whether the AI can only do one thing well, or whether it is a versatile person who can do anything like human beings. Although alpha go is powerful, it can only play go, not writing articles, cooking, or studying stocks

AI needs to break through many bottlenecks. For example, the current algorithm is still very stupid, and the neural network is far from the nervous system of the human brain. In terms of data, pattern recognition still needs to feed a large amount of tag data to AI in order to slowly improve its recognition ability. In terms of application scenarios, human beings can understand the environment and improve their cognition and judgment wherever they go. AI can only train one scenario after another. Without common sense, we can't draw inferences from one instance. The development of related technologies will have a great impact on AI, such as computing speed, communication, sensors, storage and so on. We expect more high-speed and efficient devices to pave the way for the development of artificial intelligence

Q: what is the current situation of the development of artificial intelligence in various countries? How should China face the arrival of AI era

Gu Laifeng: China has advantages in the total amount of AI papers and the number of highly cited papers, the number of patent distribution countries, investment and financing in the field of artificial intelligence, but the proportion of AI outstanding talents is low, and the comprehensive strength of chips, hardware, storage, sensors, software, cloud technology, big data and so on is less than that of the United States

artificial intelligence is an important driving force for the new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial change. Accelerating the development of a new generation of artificial intelligence is a strategic issue related to whether China can seize the opportunities of the new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial change. In the past, China seized the opportunity of interconnection, and the whole country can also meet astmd3029 (4) and iso3127 (0) according to user requirements, entering the era of digital economy. But Internet is only the prelude to the era of intelligence. I believe we can also lead the tide in the field of AI. Once this opportunity is seized, it will be difficult for other countries to catch up. (wuzhengdan/finishing)

[: Cheng Zhanpeng]

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